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___________ theories explain the mental or emotional forces or developing processes, especially in early childhood, and their effects on behavior and mental states.
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Psychodynamic theories
__________ is the father of psychodynamic theories.
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Sigmund Freud
Although Freud's psychodynamic theories regarding the cause of mental disorders have been disproved, how has Freud's work influenced today's care of mental illness?
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His theories were important to the development of therapeutic relationships, techniques and interventions
__________ is the term for unconscious material that is capable of entering consciousness, like through a dream.
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Preconscious
What are the three components of personality as described by Freud?
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The id: formed by unconscious desires, primitive instincts, and unstructured drives (including sexual and aggressive drives). The ego: controls movement, perception, contact with reality. Sum of mental mechanisms like perception, memory, motor control
________ is a term coined by Freud to describe the psychological attachment to another person or an object like a blanket.
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Object relations
________ is a term coined by Freud to describe the therapeutic process of accessing the unconscious and resolving the conflicts that originated in childhood with a mature adult mind.
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Psychoanalysis: includes free associations and dream interpretation.
_________ is a term coined by Freud to describe the displacement of thoughts, feelings and behaviors originally associated with significant others from childhood onto a person in a current therapeutic relationship.
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Transference
_________ is a term coined by Freud to describe the direction of all of a therapist's feelings and attitudes towards a patient. It is considered a possible interference with a therapist's ability to understand the patient.
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Countertransference
___________ developed a theory that indicated a sense of inferiority is the motivating force in human life.
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Alfred Adler
What are the principles that the Alderian theory is based on?
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Mutual respect, choice, responsibility, consequences and belonging
Who created the analytical psychology model?
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Carl Gustav Jung
Extroversion, Introversion and persona are components of what neo-Freudian model?
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The analytic psychology model (Jung)
Who was the first person to introduce feminine psychology?
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Karen Horney
________ believed Freud's concept of women feeling disadvantaged because of their lack of a penis was completely incorrect. This person argued that women were truly at a disadvantage bceause of the authoritarian culture in which they lived.
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Karen Horney
__________ introduced the theory of neurosis which stated that all neurotic disturbances could be attributed to the trauma of birth.
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Otto Rank
_______ was a theorist that believed in the importance of will, a positive guiding organization in the integraiton of self.
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Otto Rank
________ was a theorist who believed that the needs and desires of individuals are largely formed by society and that the fundamental problem of psychoanalysis and psychology was to bring about harmony and understanding of the relationship between individ
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Erich Fromm
_________ devised play therapy techniques to demonstrate how a child's interaction with toys revealed earlier infantile fantasies and anxieties.
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Melanie Klein
Who is credited with being the pioneer in presenting the concept of an object relations to the psychodynamic field and with introducing the concept of early identification as a defense mechanism?
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Melanie Klein
What is the major difference between interpersonal theories and psychoanalystic theories?
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Interpersonal theories acknowledge the importance of individual relationships in personality development.
Who believed interpersonal relationships included characteristic interaction patterns and therefore personality could be identified in the ways a person dealt with other people?
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Harry Stack Sullivan
__________ theories are based on the views of human potential for goodness and focuses on one's ability to learn about oneself, acceptance of self and exploration of personal capabilities.
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Humanistic theories
Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, Karen Horney, Otto Rank, Erich Fromm and Melanie Klein are all considered what type of theorists?
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Neo-Freudian
Harry Stack Sullivan is considered a __________ theorist.
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Interpersonal
Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow and Frederick Perls are considered ___________ theorists.
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Humanistic theorists
__________ theorists believe a patient should work towards developing a positive attitude and learning to experience the world in a different way.
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Humanistic theorists
___________ is a theorist who defined empathy as a clinical tool to perceive the world in the same way as a client. It is considered a non-direct but not passive, method.
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Carl Rogers
________ was a theorist who believed that a therapist must be emotionally invested in a client to ensure a therapeutic process.
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Carl Rogers
Who developed Gestalt Therapy?
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Frederick S. Perls


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