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T/F Most suicidal people want to live.
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True, they are usually just unable to find an alternative to suicide to deal with their problems.
T/F Males attempt suicide more often than women.
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False, women attempt suicide three times more often than men, but men are twice as likely to be successful at their attempts.
When do most suicides occur?
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Within 3 months of improvement of symptoms from treatment, when they have enough energy and motivation to follow through on suicidal thoughts.
What are 90% of the suicides in the US associated with?
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Mental illness or alcohol/substance abuse
________ refers to all suicide related behaviors and thoughts of completing or attempting suicide and suicide ideation.
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_________ is thinking about and planning one's own death or excessive or unreasoned worrying about losing a significant other.
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Suicidal ideation
A nonfatal, self-inflicted destructive act with explicit or implicit intent to die is called?
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A suicide attempt
When do most completed suicides occur?
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During the first year after hospitalization for a failed suicide attempt.
Aside from the presence of a depressive disorder, what secondary factor is the best predictor for suicide?
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A previous suicide attempt
A voluntary, apparent attempt at suicide in which the aim is NOT death is referred to as..
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________ refers to the probability that a person will successfully complete suicide and is determined by the seriousness of the person's intent and the likelihood that the planned method of death will succeed.
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What regions in the US have the highest rate of suicide?
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Mountain regions
What is considered to be the primary factor contributing to suicide in adults?
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Mental illness, especially depressive disorders
What factor increases the likelihood that suicidal ideation will result in parasuicide?
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Substance abuse
Adolescents who have _______ are particularly at risk for suicide.
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Panic attacks
What factor increases the risk of suicide in people over 65?
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Medical illnesses/chronic illnesses
What are psychological risk factors associated with increased suicidality?
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Problem-solving deficits, hopelessness, and/or history of physical or sexual abuse in childhood.
What are social risk factors associated with increased suicidality?
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Social isolation, economic deprivation, and unemployment.
What factor reduces the risk of suicide in women?
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Having a small child
What age does the peak suicide rate occur?
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Among individuals older than 75, with the highest rate being in men older than 85.
What ethnicity has the highest suicide rates in the US?
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Native Americans
What is a major factor in suicide in the 55-64 year old age group?
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What is considered the most powerful predictor of suicide?
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The presence of a depressive disorder
What is the most common method utilized for suicide?
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Use of a firearm
What is the biologic theory of suicide?
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Low levels of serotonin, 5-HIAA, dopamine and omega-3 proportions of lipids creates a vulnerability when coupled with genetics and severe childhood trauma results in sucidal tendencies.
How does child abuse impact the hypothalmic-pituitary-adrenal axis, ultimately impacting suicidal tendencies?
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It results in altered serotonin and dopamine metabolism which contribute to depression and suicide.
Which is more predictive of suicide, lack of positive thoughts regarding the future or negative thoughts in general?
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Lack of positive thoughts regarding the future
How do psychoanalysts/Freud followers view the act of suicide?
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As a hostility turned against the self.
How do Jungian followers view the act of suicide?
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As a representation of a desire for rebirth.
How do cognitive-behaviorists view the act of suicide?
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It develops from learned maladaptive efforts to cope with low distress tolderance and limited coping resources.

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