Study Books   

Nursing In a Flash 
   Med Surg Nursing Review Questions

            
   
   



iTunes App Store
Android Market
Blackberry App World
Amazon Market

Question Answer
What is included in the hematological system?
Show Answer
Bone marrow, blood, spleen and lymph system
Where does hematopoiesis occur?
Show Answer
In the red bone marrow found in flat and irregular bones like the long bones, pelvic bones, vertebrae, sacrum, sternum ribs, flat cranial bones and scapulae
What are the three major functions of blood?
Show Answer
Transportation of oxygen, nutrients, hormones and waste products Regulation of fluid, electrolytes and acid base Protection by clotting and combating infections
What does Serum refer to?
Show Answer
Plasma minus the clotting factors
What is the primary function of erythrocytes?
Show Answer
transport of gasses and assisting in maintaining acid base balance
What is the primary function of leukocytes?
Show Answer
Protecting the body from infection
What is the primary function of thrombocytes?
Show Answer
Blood coagulation
What triggers erythropoeisis?
Show Answer
Hypoxia
What organ releases erythropoietin to stimulate RBC production?
Show Answer
The kidneys
The ________ is an immature erythrocyte.
Show Answer
Reticulocyte
How long does it take for a reticulocyte to mature into a RBC?
Show Answer
48 hours
Hemolysis is the removal of old blood cells from the circulation by monocytes and macrophages. It usually occurs in the...
Show Answer
Bone marrow, liver and spleen
What is produced by the hemolysis of RBC?
Show Answer
Bilirubin
What are the two agranulocytic leukocytes?
Show Answer
lymphocytes and monocytes
What is the primary function of granulocytes?
Show Answer
Phagocytosis
What is the primary phagocytic WBC involved in acute inflammatory responses?
Show Answer
Neutrophils
What is the difference between a banded neutrophil and a segmented neutrophil?
Show Answer
Band-immature, not as effective at phagocytosis Segmented-mature
________ are the WBC responsible for engulfing antigen-antibody complexes formed during allergic responses and they also phagocytize parasites.
Show Answer
Eosinophils
_______ is the WBC involved in the allergic response. When they degranulate they release heparin, serotonin and histamine.
Show Answer
Basophils
_______ are the WBC involved in cellular and humoral immunity.
Show Answer
Leukocytes
______ are WBC that are capable of phagocytosis of large matter like bacteria, dead cells, tissue debris, and old RBCs. They are second to arrive at the scene of an injury.
Show Answer
Monocytes
Where is the majority of the body's iron stored?
Show Answer
As heme in hemoglobin (2/3rds)
Where is ferritin and hemosiderin stored?
Show Answer
In the liver, spleen, macrophages and bone marrow
_______ is a term used to describe the blood clotting process.
Show Answer
Hemostasis
What are the four major functions of the spleen?
Show Answer
Hematopoietic function: produces RBC during fetal development Filtration:Remove old RBC and recycle iron, filters bacteria Immunologic: stores lymphocytes, monocytes and Igs Storage: RBCs and platelets
Where are the highest number of lymph nodes concentrated in the body?
Show Answer
In the abdomen, surrounding the GI tract
The ______ produces all the procoagulants that are essential to hemostasis and blood coagulation.
Show Answer
Liver
_______ is a substance produced by the liver that is key to iron balance. Synthesis is triggered by iron overload or inflammation.
Show Answer
Hepcidin
T/F Iron absorption isn't impacted by aging, therefore any low hemoglobin levels in an elderly patient warrants investigation.
Show Answer
True
_________ is a word for excessive red blood cells and is common in people who live in high altitudes or who smoke. It can also be indicative of chronic hypoxemia, as experienced with pulmonary disorders.
Show Answer
Polycythemia


Skip Navigation Links
Portions of this page are reproduced from work created and shared by Google and used according to terms described in the Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution License.