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Nursing In a Flash 
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end in -olol
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Beta blockers
Atropine; decrease salivation, increase heart rate, is an example of a/an _______ class of drug.
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anticholinergics
Atenolol blocks what receptors in order to treat hypertension?
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B1
Nadolol
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Blocks beta, manages hypertension and angina, don't use in people with asthma or COPD because blocks beta 2.
Detrol LA
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Muscarinic blocker, increases urination, side effects: dry eyes/mouth, headache, n/v/d, gas, weight gain, UTI, and abdominal pain.
Neostigmine
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Increases muscle strength in myasthenia gravis, used to prevent/ treat post-op urine retention, reduces miosis.
A1 blockers are commonly used for _______.
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Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
What are side effects of Atenolol?
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Drowsiness, dizziness, diarrhea, cool extremities, leg pain, fainting/weakness, nausea/diarrhea.
Orthostatic hypertension, cardiac dysrhythmias, flush, hypotension and reflex tachycardia are all possible side effects of...
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A1 blockers
A patient with cardiac dysrhythmias, narrow angle glaucoma or cardiogenic shock should not be prescribed what class of drugs?
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Adrenergic
Indirect cholinergics are used cautiously in people with what conditions?
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Bradycardia, asthma, ulcers and Graves.
What are 5 areas where Cholinergic receptors are located?
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Bladder, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood vessels.
If your patient has lung disease and you administer a beta blocker, should it block beta, or beta 2?
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Beta 1 because blocking Beta 2 would cause bronchoconstriction.
Indirect cholinergics are used primarily to treat...
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myasthenia gravis, glaucoma, and Alzheimer's.
Decreased urination, increased heart rate, decreased peristalsis, dilates pupils, decreases salivation, and decreases muscle tone are desired effects of _______.
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anticholinergics
What are 8 common side effects of adrenergics?
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Hypertension, tachycardia, palpitations, dysrhythmias, tremors, dizziness, urinary difficulties, nausea and vomiting.
Clonidine and Methyldopa act on adrenergic _______ receptors, decreasing bp.
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A2
A2 receptors work on...
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Vessels of smooth muscles. Dilates blood vessels, lowers bp, and lowers peristalsis.
B2 receptors are located mainly...
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lungs, skeletal muscles, and uterine muscles.
What are the 3 major actions of anticholinergic drugs?
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Increases heart rate (bradycardia), decreases GI motility (IBS), and decreases skeletal muscle rigidity (Parkinson's).
What are the 4 major actions of cholinergic drugs?
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Stimulates bladder tone, stimulates GI tone, constricts pupils, and increases neuromuscular transmission.
Isoproterenol Hydrochloride works on adrenergic _______ receptors.
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B1 and B2
What are the 3 major effects of cholinergic drugs?
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Stimulate GI movement (peristalsis), Bladder emptying (micturation), and Increase neuromuscular transmission.
Vasodilation, decreased bp, decreased ejaculation, pupils constriction and maybe reflex tachycardia are all results of _______ blockers.
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A1
A patient has COPD or asthma, they shouldn't be given _______.
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Non-selective beta blockers. B2 blockers
What are the side effects of Albuterol?
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Tremor, dizziness, nervousness, and restlessness.
What are the side effects of Epinephrine?
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Anorexia, n/v, nervousness, tremors, pallor, headache, syncope, dizziness, and insomnia.
A1 receptors work mostly on...
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Vessels of smooth muscles. Increase force and rate of heart contraction, increase bp, pupil dilation, and decrease salivation.
Bradycardia, dizziness, hypotension, headaches, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, or agranulocytosis are possible side effects of...
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beta blockers
Cholinergics should be used with caution in people that have...
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decreased bp and decreased heart rate.


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