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Average blood loss during a period is _______ .
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30 cc
This type of cyst results from the occlusion of the duct of a follicle, causing a failure to rupture...
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a follicular cyst.
What stage is syphilis usually detected?
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2
What is the target organ of LH in men and women?
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Women: ovarian follicle and Men: Leydig cells
With the presence of _______ in a female, the gonads become ovaries.
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estrogen
What races are most likely to develop Leiomyomas?
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AA and Asians
_______ is the beginning of puberty in boys.
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Andrenache
Absence of menses for greater than 6 months after at least one period ...
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Secondary Amenorrhea
What is the target organ of oxytocin and what are it's functions?
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Uterus. Contracts the uterus, milk ejection and may have anti-diuretic effect.
Significant depression, hatefulness, psychosis and alterations in function are signs and symptoms of __________.
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Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PPD)
What are the characteristics of bacterial vaginosis?
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Overgrowth of pathologic bacteria; thick, brown discharge; fishy. Relationship to sex unclear.
An intramural leiomyoma is located ...
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within the muscle of the uterine wall.
What is primary dysmenorrhea?
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Menstrual pain not associated with pathology or abnormality; occurs 1-2 days before menses, subsides shortly after onset.
Prostatitis is an acute _______ infection associated with BPH.
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bacterial
_______ is pain coupled with menses.
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Dysmenorrhea
BPH occurs in _______% of men over 50 and _______% of men over 80.
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50% and 90%
_______ or genital herpes likes to live in the sacral dorsal root ganglia (nerves) where it can remain dormant.
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HSV-2
Herpes replicates in the _______ and an outbreak can be triggered by stress.
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skin
A condition when the foreskin is retracted and cannot be replaced over the glans is called ....
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Paraphimosis
Which stage of syphilis is the most contagious?
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2
What is the beginning of puberty in girls?
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Thelarche (breast development)
When does the uterine prolapse typically appear?
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Around the ages 50 to 60.
How is uterine prolapse graded?
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On a scale of 1-4. 1 is minor, 4 is outside vagin, 3=must be fixed and 4=hysterectomy.
A fluid accumulation within the tunica vaginalis; unilateral swollen testes are a sign.
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Hydrocele
A burning, sharp, knife-like pain that is cyclical with raised estrogen is a symptom of _______ .
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Endometriosis
What are chocolate cysts?
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Cysts with old blood formed in concurrence with endometriosis.
In PCOS, increased androgens results in ...
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Weight gain, acne, and hirsutism.
In PCOS, increased LH levels causes more _______ to be produced.
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Androgen
In PCOS, the increase in _______ causes an increase in _______ . This increase leads to _______ . An increase in estrogen causes raised _______ and lower _______. This ultimately leads to cysts and infertility.
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insulin and androgens; hyperinsulinemia; raised LH and lower FSH
Women need _______% body fat content to initiate menses.
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18 - 22%


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