Study Books   

Nursing In a Flash 
   Med Surg Nursing Review Questions


iTunes App Store
Android Market
Blackberry App World
Amazon Market

Question Answer
1) What is a value?
Show Answer
1) A values is a belief about the worth of something, about what matters, that acts as a standard to guide one's behavior.
2) What is a value system?
Show Answer
2) An organization of values in which each is ranked along a continuum of importance, often leading to a personal code of conduct.
3) T/F Individuals who place a high value on health and personal responsibility often work hard to reach their fitness goals.
Show Answer
3) True
4) T/F An individual is born with values.
Show Answer
4) False: Values are formed during a lifetime from information from the environment, family and culture.
5) Common modes of value transmission include: (5)
Show Answer
5) Modeling, Moralizing, Laissez-faire, Rewarding and punishing, Responsible choice.
6) Through this mode of value transmission, children learn what is of high or low value by observing parents, peers and significant others.
Show Answer
6) Modeling
7) Children whose caregivers use the ____ mode of value transmission are taught a complete value system by parents or an instituion.
Show Answer
7) Moralizing
8) What is the laissez-faire approach?
Show Answer
8) children explore values on their own and develop a personal value system.
9) This approach often involves little or no guidance and can lead to confusion and conflict.
Show Answer
9) Laissez-Faire
10) Through _____ and ______, children are rewarded for demonstrating values held by parents and punished for demonstrating unacceptable behaviors.
Show Answer
10) Rewarding/Punishing
11) Caregivers who follow the responsible-choice mode of value transmission encourage children to:
Show Answer
11) Explore competing values to weigh their consequences.
12) Support and guidance are offered as children develop a personal value system in this approach.
Show Answer
12) Responsible choice
13) These five are professional values indentified by the AACN.
Show Answer
13) Altruism, Autonomy, Human dignity, Integrity, Social Justice.
14) In what year did the AACN identify five profession values.
Show Answer
14) 1998
15) Values clarification means:
Show Answer
15) A process by which people come to understand their own values and value system.
16) Define altruism:
Show Answer
16) A concern for the welfare and well-being of others.
17) Define autonomy:
Show Answer
17) The right to self-determination.
18) Define human dignity:
Show Answer
18) The respect for the inherenct worth and uniqueness of individuals and populations.
19) Define integrity:
Show Answer
19) Acting in accordance with an appropriate code of ethics and accepted standards of practice.
20) Define social justice:
Show Answer
20) Upholding moral, legal and humanistic principles.
21) Values theorists most often describe the process of valuing as having sevent steps focusing on these three main activities:
Show Answer
21) 1. Choosing 2. Prizing 3. Acting
22) T/F When one values something, one chooses freely from alternatives after careful consideration of the consequences of each alternative.
Show Answer
22) True
23) Prizing something one values invloves:
Show Answer
23) Pride, happiness, and public affirmation
24) T/F The person who values sometihnga cts by combining choice into one's behavior with consistency and regularity on the value.
Show Answer
24) True
25) These are the seven steps in the valuing process:
Show Answer
25) Choosing freely, choosing from alternatitives, choosing after consideration of the consequences, prizing with pride and happiness, prizing with public affirmation, acting with incorporation of the Choice Into One's Behavior, and Acting with consistency and regularity on the value.
26) What is ethics?
Show Answer
26) A systematic inquiry into principles of right and wrong conduct, or virtue and vice, and of good and evil as they relate to conduct.
27) T/F The ability to be ethical, to make decisions, and to act in an ethically justified manner, begins in childhood and develops gradually.
Show Answer
27) True
28) The term morals, although similar in meaning to ethics, usually refers to:
Show Answer
28) Personal or communal standards of right and wrong.
29) Bioethics:
Show Answer
29) encompass a number of fields and disciplines grouped broadly under the rubric the life sciences.
30) Issues in bioethics include: (4)
Show Answer
30) Responsible research conduct, genetic enhancement, environmental ethics, and sustainable healthcare.

Skip Navigation Links
Portions of this page are reproduced from work created and shared by Google and used according to terms described in the Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution License.