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1) What is a value?
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1) A values is a belief about the worth of something, about what matters, that acts as a standard to guide one's behavior.
2) What is a value system?
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2) An organization of values in which each is ranked along a continuum of importance, often leading to a personal code of conduct.
3) T/F Individuals who place a high value on health and personal responsibility often work hard to reach their fitness goals.
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3) True
4) T/F An individual is born with values.
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4) False: Values are formed during a lifetime from information from the environment, family and culture.
5) Common modes of value transmission include: (5)
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5) Modeling, Moralizing, Laissez-faire, Rewarding and punishing, Responsible choice.
6) Through this mode of value transmission, children learn what is of high or low value by observing parents, peers and significant others.
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6) Modeling
7) Children whose caregivers use the ____ mode of value transmission are taught a complete value system by parents or an instituion.
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7) Moralizing
8) What is the laissez-faire approach?
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8) children explore values on their own and develop a personal value system.
9) This approach often involves little or no guidance and can lead to confusion and conflict.
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9) Laissez-Faire
10) Through _____ and ______, children are rewarded for demonstrating values held by parents and punished for demonstrating unacceptable behaviors.
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10) Rewarding/Punishing
11) Caregivers who follow the responsible-choice mode of value transmission encourage children to:
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11) Explore competing values to weigh their consequences.
12) Support and guidance are offered as children develop a personal value system in this approach.
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12) Responsible choice
13) These five are professional values indentified by the AACN.
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13) Altruism, Autonomy, Human dignity, Integrity, Social Justice.
14) In what year did the AACN identify five profession values.
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14) 1998
15) Values clarification means:
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15) A process by which people come to understand their own values and value system.
16) Define altruism:
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16) A concern for the welfare and well-being of others.
17) Define autonomy:
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17) The right to self-determination.
18) Define human dignity:
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18) The respect for the inherenct worth and uniqueness of individuals and populations.
19) Define integrity:
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19) Acting in accordance with an appropriate code of ethics and accepted standards of practice.
20) Define social justice:
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20) Upholding moral, legal and humanistic principles.
21) Values theorists most often describe the process of valuing as having sevent steps focusing on these three main activities:
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21) 1. Choosing 2. Prizing 3. Acting
22) T/F When one values something, one chooses freely from alternatives after careful consideration of the consequences of each alternative.
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22) True
23) Prizing something one values invloves:
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23) Pride, happiness, and public affirmation
24) T/F The person who values sometihnga cts by combining choice into one's behavior with consistency and regularity on the value.
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24) True
25) These are the seven steps in the valuing process:
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25) Choosing freely, choosing from alternatitives, choosing after consideration of the consequences, prizing with pride and happiness, prizing with public affirmation, acting with incorporation of the Choice Into One's Behavior, and Acting with consistency and regularity on the value.
26) What is ethics?
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26) A systematic inquiry into principles of right and wrong conduct, or virtue and vice, and of good and evil as they relate to conduct.
27) T/F The ability to be ethical, to make decisions, and to act in an ethically justified manner, begins in childhood and develops gradually.
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27) True
28) The term morals, although similar in meaning to ethics, usually refers to:
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28) Personal or communal standards of right and wrong.
29) Bioethics:
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29) encompass a number of fields and disciplines grouped broadly under the rubric the life sciences.
30) Issues in bioethics include: (4)
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30) Responsible research conduct, genetic enhancement, environmental ethics, and sustainable healthcare.


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