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Nursing In a Flash 
   Med Surg Nursing Review Questions


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1) The primary goal of the nurse as a caregiver are (4)
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1) Promote health, prevent illness, restore health and facilitate coping
2) T/F Because health is individually defined by each person and is affected by so many factors, a standard definition is difficult.
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2) True
3) Health integrates the following human dimensions (6)
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3) Physical, intellectual, emotional, sociocultural, spiritual and environmental
4) T/F Illness is defined by each person who experiences an alteration in health.
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4) True
5) What is the definition of disease?
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5) There is a pathologic change in the structure of function of the body or mind.
6) What is the definition of illness?
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6) The response of the person to a disease; it is an abnormal process in which the person's level of functioning is changed when compared to the previous state.
7) T/F It is possible for a person to be in a state of chronic illness and acute illness at the same time.
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7) True
8) Acute illness means:
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8) A rapid onset of symptoms and lasts only a relatively short time.
9) With self-treatment and the use of over-the-counter medications, simple acute illness (do/do not) usually require medical treatment.
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9) Do not
10) Illness behaviors are unique and are influenced by these characteristics (7)
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10) Age, gender, family values, economic status, culture, educationaal level and mental status
11) What are the four stages of illness behaviors.
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11) Experiencing symptoms, assuming the sick role, assuming the dependent role and achieving recovery and rehabilitation.
12) What is the most significant symptom experienced by a patient?
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12) Pain
13) What is the first indication of an illness?
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13) Recognizing one or more symptoms that are incompatible with one's personal definition of health.
14) In stage two of illness, the person
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14) focuses on the symptoms and bodily functions.
15) The person defines himself or herself as sick in what stage of illnes?
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15) Stage two
16) In our society when does an illness become legitimate?
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16) When a healthcare provider diagnoses it and provides treatment.
17) What is the third stage of illness characterized by?
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17) The patient's decision to accept the diagnosis and follow through with prescribed treatment.
18) To facilitate adherence to the treatment plan, the patient needs (3)
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18) effective relationships with the caregiver, knowledge about the illness, and an individualized plan of care.
19) The patient's response to care depend on the following variety of factors (5)
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19) Seriousness of illness, degree of fear about the illness, loss of roles, support of others, previous experience with illness care.
20) T/F Most people complete the final stage of illness at home.
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20) True
21) In this stage, the person gives up the dependent role and resumes normal activities and responsiblities.
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21) Fourth
22) Chronic illness is defined as:
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22) encompasses many different physical and mental alterations in health.
23) The following are characteristics of chronic illness:
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23) A permanent change, it causes, or is caused by, irreversible alterations in normal anatomy and physiology, it requires special patient education for rehab, it requires a long period of care or support.
24) T/F Chronic illnesses usually have a fast onset.
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24) False: Chronic illnesses usually have a slow onset.
25) Chronic illnesses may have periods of _______.
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25) Remission
26) Remission is defined as:
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26) The diease is present, but the person does not experience symptoms.
27) Heart problems, diabetes mellitus, lung diseases and arthritis are example of:
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27) Chronic illness
28) T/F Chronic illnesses are the leading health problem in the world.
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28) True
29) What are some current trends that result in an increase in chronic illnesses:
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29) growing numbers of older adults; lifestyle choices; environmental factors; the AIDS epidemic.
30) To successfully adapt to the ___ _____, the individual must learn to live as normally as possible and maintain a postive self-concept and sense of hope.
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30) Chronic Illness

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